The specification and abstract are essential in the procedure of patent filing, while drawings are required to be attached according to the necessity.
A patent specification works as a document of title defining the scope of patent right granted to an inventor. A patent specification also works as a technical document making open the invention’s technical details to the public. Thus, a patent specification must be written in such a manner as to fulfill both purposes.
Broadly speaking, patent drafting includes:
discussing inventions with inventors and ascertaining whether they are patentable;
studying and analysing scientific or technical documents, including previously published patent documents, to assess in what ways an invention is new and innovative;
writing detailed descriptions of inventions in precise legal terms (patent drafts), which form the basis for patents to be granted by the Indonesian IP Office and other IP offices in various parts of the world;
suggesting modifications or extensions to the definition of the invention.
A patent application shall be rejected when the patent examiner finds the existence of what’s called “prior art”. This is evidence that the invention already exist, so it is either not “novel” or it is “obvious”, two key requirements to qualifying for a patent. Therefore, we will conduct a prior art search before preparing a patent specification.